The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) has a long history of developing and supporting sketch-level planning tools for performance based planning. STEAM, HERS, SPASM, and SCRITS are just a few of the many examples of the software tools that FHWA has developed to assist national, state, and local agencies in performing sketch planning level analyses of infrastructure investment decisions. The Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21) gives further impetus to FHWA̢’s efforts by placing a strong emphasis on system performance and travel time reliability. Agencies will increasingly need to evaluate and predict the benefits resulting from the implementation of not only capacity improvement options but also operations-based strategies.