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             Technology Transfer

North Carolina Site Visit

March 29 – 31, 2005

[ Objective | Participating Scan Team Members | Local Participants | Photo Gallery ]


This site visit surveyed North Carolina’s wetland mitigation program (known as the Ecosystem Enhancement Program) and included field trips to the following project sites: Overhills-Jumping Run Stream and Wetland Restoration Project and Haw Slopes State Natural Area Preservation Site. The NCEEP framework is one of the most innovative approaches to wetland banking in the country. It involves a tri-party agreement between NCDOT, NCDENR, and USACE that redefines the mitigation responsibilities and regulatory authorities of these agencies, although well within the legal bounds of federal and state requirements. The institutional changes and programmatic frameworks developed for the EEP have resulted in establishing essentially a new agency in North Carolina that handles mitigation for the DOT and other groups in need of mitigation support. To date, no highway project has been delayed in North Carolina due to mitigation since the EEP's establishment.

Participating Scan Team Members

  • Alex Levy, FHWA Headquarters
  • Rob Ayers, FHWA, North Carolina Division
  • Robert Brumbaugh, USACE Headquarters
  • Ann Campbell, USEPA Headquarters
  • Palmer Hough, USEPA Headquarters
  • Pat Clements, USFWS
  • Katie McDermott, CTE, NC State University (Facilitator)

Local Participants

  • John Sullivan, FHWA, NC Division
  • Donnie Brew, FHWA, NC Division
  • Roger Sheats, NCDOT
  • Craig Deal, NCDOT
  • David Franklin, USACE, Wilmington District
  • Dempsey Benton, NCDENR
  • Melanie Allen, EEP Project Manager
  • Barb Satler, EEP
  • Suzanne Klimek, EEP
  • David Robinson, CTE/EEP
  • Chris Mitchner, EPA
  • Pete Benjamin, FWS
  • Lisa Creasman, Conservation Trust of North Carolina
  • Elaine Chiosso, Haw River Assembly

Photo Gallery of NC Mitigation Sites

(All photographs are at a screen resolution of 72 dpi)

Overhills-Jumping Run Stream and Wetland Restoration Project

This 70-acre site in Harnett County, owned by the U.S. Department of Defense as part of the Fort Bragg Military Reservation, involves both wetland restoration (65 acres) and stream rechannelization (4,530 linear feet) activities, which are 95 percent complete. The site, characterized by hydric sandy soils and modified ~65 to 100 years ago for agricultural use, is being restored to a bottomland hardwood forest system. The stream was first altered in 1955 and currently is being relocated to the original channel site, identified by the analysis of soil pits that revealed channel and woody debris. The stream realignment will result in short-term habitat loss in the existing channel, but will generate long-term benefits to the overall site following the new channel construction. No endangered species have been found on site, according to a recent Fort Bragg survey. The site is an example of NCEEP's design-bid-build mitigation approach.

Haw Slopes State Natural Area Preservation Site

This 950-acre preservation site was purchased for $2.55 million and offsets 6,400 linear feet of TIP impacts. The site, which runs along the Haw River, has high scenic value, and is well suited for recreational activities, such as canoing and kayaking. The site is considered a conservation corridor that connects with USACE lands and state-owned park lands. It protects a federally endangered fish (Cape Fear Shiner), rare mussel and dragonfly species, 50 nesting birds, and is located upstream of the Jordan Lake water supply waters. The site is managed by a unit of the Jordan Lake State Park and involves a partnership with the Triangle Lands Conservancy, who helped facilitate the acquisition of this site as the first preservation site for North Carolina's Ecosystem Enhancement Program. For more information, see

For more information on these projects, please contact CTE.

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